Global trends and crises, comparative capitalism and HRM

© 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This article reviews and consolidates the most recent literature on comparative institutional analysis, and links this to endemic crises, continuities, bounded diversity and change in HRM practice within and between nations. It is arg...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Adrian Wilkinson, Geoffrey Wood
Format: Default Article
Published: 2017
Subjects:
HRM
Online Access:https://hdl.handle.net/2134/27772
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Summary:© 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This article reviews and consolidates the most recent literature on comparative institutional analysis, and links this to endemic crises, continuities, bounded diversity and change in HRM practice within and between nations. It is argued that national institutional arrangements both support and sustain particular sets of HR practice, but this is always contingent, and subject to the choices of actors: firms adopt practices both to take advantages of the unique advantages of a particular national system and to cope with the challenges it imposes. Even potentially sub-optimal sets of institutions may help sustain particular sectors and types of firms, even in the face of great external shocks. At the same time, the two most developed national institutional paradigms–Coordinated and Liberal Markets–have faced on-going challenges and adjustments. Most notably, Coordinated Markets faced painful adjustments and challenges in the 1990s and early 2000s; more recently, this has been completely eclipsed by the unprecedented political crises that have enveloped the largest Liberal Markets, and which both reflect realities in work and employment relations, yet have potentially serious future implications for HRM.