Rodney NeedhamRodney Needham (15 May 1923 – 4 December 2006 in Oxford) was an English social anthropologist.
Born Rodney Phillip Needham Green, he changed his name in 1947; the following year he married Maud Claudia (Ruth) Brysz. The couple would collaborate on several works, including an English translation of Robert Hertz's ''Death and the Right Hand.''
His fieldwork was with the Penan of Borneo (1951-2) and the Siwang of Malaysia (1953-5). His doctoral thesis on the Penan was accepted in 1953. He was University Lecturer in Social Anthropology, Oxford University, 1956–76; Professor of Social Anthropology, Oxford, 1976–90; Official Fellow, Merton College, Oxford, 1971–75; and Fellow, All Souls College, Oxford, 1976-90.
Together with Edmund Leach and Mary Douglas, Needham brought structuralism from France and anglicised it in the process. A prolific scholar, he was also a teacher and a rediscoverer of neglected figures in the history of his discipline, such as Arnold Van Gennep and Robert Hertz.
Among other things, he contributed to the study of family resemblance, introducing the terms "monothetic" and "polythetic" into anthropology.
He had two children, one of whom, Tristan, became a professor of mathematics. Provided by Wikipedia
3The elementary structures of kinship / Rodney Needham: editor ; translated from the French by James Harle Bell [and] John Richard von Sturmer.by Lévi-Strauss, Claude, 1908-Other Authors: '; “...Needham, Rodney...”
4Right & left : essays on dual symbolic classification / edited and with an introduction by Rodney Needham ; foreword by E.E. Evans-Pritchard.Published 1973Other Authors: '; “...Needham, Rodney...”
5Primitive classification / by Emile Durkheim and Marcel Mauss ; translated from the French and edited with an introduction by Rodney Needham.by Durkheim, Emile, 1858-1917Other Authors: '; “...Needham, Rodney...”