European Commission

Berlaymont | border = | image = European Commission.svg | image_size = 200px | alt = | image2 = | image_size2 = | alt2 = | caption = | date_established = | date_dissolved = | state = | country = | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | }} | polity = European Union | leader_title = President | appointed = Nominated by the European Council and confirmed by the European Parliament | main_organ = College of Commissioners | ministries = | responsible = | address = ) | Luxembourg City, Luxembourg }} | url = }}

The European Commission (EC) is the executive of the European Union (EU). It operates as a cabinet government, with 27 members of the Commission (informally known as "Commissioners") headed by a President. It includes an administrative body of about 32,000 European civil servants. The Commission is divided into departments known as Directorates-General (DGs) that can be likened to departments or ministries each headed by a Director-General who is responsible to a Commissioner.

There is one member per member state, but members are bound by their oath of office to represent the general interest of the EU as a whole rather than their home state. The Commission President (currently Ursula von der Leyen) is proposed by the European Council (the 27 heads of state/governments) and elected by the European Parliament. The Council of the European Union then nominates the other members of the Commission in agreement with the nominated President, and the 27 members as a team are then subject to a vote of approval by the European Parliament. The current Commission is the Von der Leyen Commission, which took office in December 2019, following the European Parliament elections in May of the same year.

The governmental powers of the Commission have been such that some, including former Belgian Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt, have suggested changing its name to the "European Government", calling the present name of the Commission "ridiculous", likening it to a misnomer. Provided by Wikipedia
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    by Black, Richard, 1964-
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    Published 1998
    Edition: 2nd ed.
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